Liver disease is a general term that may use for any condition affecting your liver. These conditions may occur due to different reasons, but they can all damage your liver and affect its function.
What are the general symptoms?
Liver disease symptoms vary as it depending on the condition. Sometimes symptoms may not be there even in a person suffering from liver disease. Some symptoms of liver diseases include:
- Yellowish discoloration of skin and eyes, known as jaundice
- Pale, bloody, or black stools
- Distended abdomen in ascites which may make it uncomfortable to lie down or eat
- Portal Hypertension
Some common liver problems
Some common problems that can cause liver damage include
Hepatitis is a condition in which inflammation of the liver occurs . When this inflammation is caused by a virus, it’s known as viral hepatitis. Hepatitis can damage liver and can disturb liver function.
Most types of viral hepatitis are contagious, but by getting vaccinated for types A and B and by taking preventive measures you can reduce the risk of infection.
Five types of hepatitis include:
- Hepatitis A
- Hepatitis B
- Hepatitis C
- Hepatitis D
- Hepatitis E
Fatty liver disease
When excessive fat buildup in the liver due to unhealthy dietary habits and sedentary life style then it lead to fatty liver disease.
Two types of fatty liver disease are
- Alcoholic fatty liver disease, which is caused due to prolonged use of heavy alcohol in excessive quantity.
- Nonalcoholic fatty liver disease
If not managed properly then both types of fatty liver disease can lead to liver damage, leading to cirrhosis and liver failure. However dietary and lifestyle changes can reduce the severity of symptoms and lower your risk of complications.
Autoimmune conditions affect your immune system by attacking cells in your liver, including:
- Autoimmune hepatitis
- Primary biliary cirrhosis (PBC)
- Primary sclerosing cholangitis
Several genetic conditions, can also affect your liver may include
- In Hemochromatosis your body store more iron than it needs. This iron remains in your organs, including your liver and leads to damage over a long period of time if not managed.
- Wilson’s disease causes your liver to absorb copper instead of releasing it into your bile ducts. And liver started getting damaged to store more copper, allowing it to travel through your bloodstream and damage other parts of your body, including your brain.
Drug-induced liver disease
Over exposure to certain drugs may damages your liver Many times, this damage can be reversed once you stop taking the drug.
Liver cirrhosis is a condition in which scarring of the liver occurs due to liver diseases. Other causes of liver damage are alcohol use disorder, Cystic fibrosis and syphilis . These conditions damage liver and cause cirrhosis.
In its early stages, cirrhosis can be treatable by treating the cause. But without proper management, it can lead to other health problems.
Cancer of liver is also seen in people . Cancer may develop in liver or it may spread to the liver if cancer starts elsewhere in the body.
Liver failure occurs when a significant part of your liver gets damaged and unable to function properly. Acute liver failure occurs suddenly, often in response to an overdose or poisoning. Chronic Liver failure occurs gradually.
Who is at risk?
Certain things make you more prone to develop liver diseases. Risk factors include
- Getting a tattoo or body piercing with nonsterile needles
- Sharing used needles
- Exposed to blood and other bodily fluids
- Having sex without using protection
- Living with conditions like diabetes or high cholesterol
- Having a family history of liver disease
- More consumption of alcohol
- Taking more than the recommended dose of some medications
Preventing liver disease
Choosing a healthy lifestyle can make a big difference when it comes to keeping your liver healthy.
Some preventive measures that help to prevent liver disease by:
- Taking a nutritious diet that includes lots of fruits, vegetables, proteins, and whole grains
- Increase your physical activity
- limiting alcohol
- avoiding smoking and using drugs
- maintaining a moderate weight
- Use protection during sex
- Visit your doctor for routine checkup
How are liver diseases diagnosed?
Your doctor can diagnose the condition by taking your complete medical history and by doing examination. Certain investigations will help to confirm the diagnose and cause of the condition. Investigations include
- Complete blood count test
- CT scans, MRIs, or ultrasounds to check for any liver damage or tumor
- liver biopsy – To confirm the diagnose
How are they treated?
Depending on the underlying cause and condition affecting your liver , medical treatment used in patients include
- Antiviral drugs to treat hepatitis
- Steroids to lower liver inflammation
- Blood pressure medication
- medications to target specific symptoms, such as itchy skin
- vitamins and supplements to boost liver health
In severe cases when there is not any improvement with the medicines then surgery is done to remove all or part of your liver. Generally, a liver transplant is done when other options have failed.
Ayurvedic Management of Liver diseases
In ayurveda management of diseases is done on the basis of Dosha and to stabalise the vitiated agni which are the main causative factors for pathogenesis of diseases. In ayurveda root cause of the disease is treated to prevent its further reoccurrence
Best liver Disease consultation doctors in Chandigarh
- If you are looking for best ayurvedic doctors for treating liver diseases in Chandigarh then you don’t have to worry. Chandigarh ayurved centre has best Ayurvedic doctors Vaidya Jagjit Singh and Vaidya Karanvir Singh that has serving ayurveda from many times and has treated many caeses successfully.
- CAC provides effective combinations of ayurvedic herbs that not only treat the liver diseases but also help in liver strengthening by boosting immunity.
These combination of medicines are
- Detox premium powder
- Liver care tablet
- Liver care syrup
- Kutki capsule
- Immuno booster tablet
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