• In vitro fertilization (IVF) could be a complex series of procedures wont to help with fertility or prevent genetic problems and assist with the conception of a toddler
  • During IVF, mature eggs are collected (retrieved) from ovaries and fertilized by sperm during a lab.
  • Then the animate being are transferred to a uterus.
  • One full cycle of IVF takes about three weeks. Sometimes these steps can take longer

IVF is obtainable as a primary treatment for infertility in women over age 40. IVF can even be done if you have got certain health conditions:

  • Fallopian tube damage or blockage: female internal reproductive organ damage or blockage makes it difficult for an egg to be fertilized or for an embryo to jaunt the uterus.
  • Ovulation disorders: If ovulation is infrequent or absent, fewer eggs are available for fertilization.
  • Endometriosis: Endometriosis occurs when tissue the same as the liner of the uterus implants and grows outside of the uterus — often affecting the function of the ovaries, uterus and fallopian tubes.
  • Uterine fibroids: Fibroids are benign tumors within the uterus. they’re common in women in their 30s and 40s. Fibroids can interfere with implantation of the animal.
  • Previous tubal sterilization or removal: ligation could be a form of sterilization during which the fallopian tubes are cut or blocked to permanently prevent pregnancy. If you want to conceive after surgical contraception, IVF could also be an alternate to ligation reversal surgery.
  • Impaired sperm production or function: Below-average sperm concentration, weak movement of sperm (poor mobility), or abnormalities in sperm size and shape can make it difficult for sperm to fertilize an egg. If semen abnormalities are found, a visit to an infertility specialist can be needed to determine if there are correctable problems or underlying health concerns.
  • Unexplained infertility: Unexplained infertility means no reason for infertility has been found despite evaluation for common causes.
  • A disease: If you or your partner is in danger of passing on a inherited disorder to your child, you’ll be candidates for preimplantation genetic testing — a procedure that involves IVF. After the eggs are harvested and fertilized, they’re screened sure enough genetic problems, although not all genetic problems is found. Embryos that do not contain identified problems is transferred to the uterus.
  • Fertility preservation for cancer or other health conditions: If you’re getting ready to start cancer treatment — like radiation or chemotherapy — that might harm your fertility, IVF for fertility


  • Multiple births: IVF increases the chance of multiple births if quite one embryo is transferred to your uterus. A pregnancy with multiple fetuses carries a better risk of early labor and low birth weight than pregnancy with one fetus does.
  • Premature delivery and low birth weight: Research suggests that IVF slightly increases the danger that the baby are born early or with an occasional birth weight.
  • Ovarian hyperstimulation syndrome: Use of injectable fertility drugs, like human chorionic gonadotropin (HCG), to induce ovulation can cause ovarian hyperstimulation syndrome, within which your ovaries become swollen and painful.
  • Miscarriage: the speed of miscarriage for ladies who conceive using IVF with fresh embryos is analogous to it of girls who conceive naturally — about 15% to 25% — but the speed increases with maternal age.
  • Egg-retrieval procedure complications: Use of an aspirating needle to gather eggs could possibly cause bleeding, infection or damage to the bowel, bladder or a vas. Risks also are related to sedation and general anaesthesia, if used.
  • Ectopic pregnancy: About 2% to five of ladies who use IVF will have an pregnancy — when the beast implants outside the uterus, usually in an exceedingly Fallopian tube. The beast can’t survive outside the uterus, and there is no thanks to continue the pregnancy.
  • Birth defects: The age of the mother is that the primary risk consider the event of birth defects, regardless of how the kid is conceived. More research is required to work out whether babies conceived using IVF may be at increased risk of certain birth defects.
  • Cancer: Although some early studies suggested there could also be a link between certain medications accustomed stimulate egg growth and therefore the development of a selected sort of ovarian tumor, more-recent studies don’t support these findings. There doesn’t appear to be a significantly increased risk of breast, endometrial, cervical or ovarian cancer after IVF.
  • Stress: Use of IVF may be financially, physically and emotionally draining. Support from counselors, family and friends can facilitate your and your partner through the ups and downs of infertility treatment.
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