During the menstrual cycle, the uterus starts contracting when the uterus is released. The lining of the uterus secretes a hormone called prostaglandin.
What is menstrual cramps
Menstrual cramps are pain in the lower abdomen and pelvis area during menstruation. This pain can range from mild to severe. Premenstrual pain is very different from the normal pain in the lower abdomen and pelvis. In many women, the pain of both premenstrual syndrome and menstrual tremor appears together. Mild menstrual cramps last for a short time. And at that time only heaviness is felt in the lower part of the abdomen. That’s why sometimes this pain goes unnoticed. But severe type of menstrual cramps bother women for several days.
During the menstrual cycle, the uterus begins to contract. The lining of the uterus secretes a hormone called prostaglandin, which causes menstrual pain and many other problems. The greater the amount of prostaglandin secreted, the greater the pain. Vomiting, diarrhea, and headache may also be caused by post-gendering hormones.
The pain of menstrual cramps occurs in the lower abdomen and between the vaginal and anal passages. The pain increases to the back of the back and also reaches to the thighs. This pain can range from very mild to very severe. This pain can also be constant and it can also happen intermittently over a short period of time. Menstrual pain usually occurs before the period starts and becomes severe within 24 hours. However, after a day or two, the pain gradually subsides. When the pain is severe, some women experience dizziness, headache and vomiting.
Some women may complain of diarrhea and constipation during menopause. This is due to prostaglandin hormones, which cause pressure on the intestines along with contraction of the uterus. Some women may also have to urinate frequently.
Disease diagnosis and investigation
Diagnosis of menstrual pain is a clinical diagnosis, which can be self-resolved. After a few menstrual cycles, women become very aware of the signs of pain in it. In this regard, after getting information about the complete medical history of the patient, the doctor gives proper advice for treatment. When the symptoms of pain are severe, the doctor examines the pelvis.
Blood tests: If there is a risk of infection, the doctor may get the blood tested. Other tests like ultrasound, laparoscopy, hysteroscopy, etc. can also be done for the diagnosis and diagnosis of the disease.
Ultrasound test: Recommends ultrasound if any abnormal elements are found during the examination of the pelvis. Apart from this, a variety of other tests can also be done to examine the internal part like CT scan and MRI.
Laparoscopy: This is a common surgical procedure in which the doctor directly examines the cavity of the pelvis with the help of fiber optic scope.
Hysteroscopy: The cervix and the inside of the uterus are examined by inserting a hysteroscopy, a small and light instrument, through the vagina.
All women can also treat it on their own. In the olden days, the most popular remedy for its treatment was that women used to fall asleep as soon as the pain started. Not only does this drug-free treatment provide relief from adequate rest and sleep, but it is also relieved by exercise and walking. In this, even after massaging the abdomen, yoga and compressing with a hot water bag, there is a lot of relief from pain.
Medication: Medications such as aspirin and acetaminophen are given for mild menstrual pain, which usually bring pain under control.
Non-steroidal pain relievers: Usually nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs, NSAIDs, relieve mild menstrual pain.
Health Desk. Periods, which are also called cramps during periods, are no less than a scary dream for women. Gynecologist Dr. Monica Singh says that some time before or during periods, women start having pain in the lower abdomen and back. This is a very common problem.
1. Try Acupressure
Period cramps can be relieved by pressing the two fingers of the navel down for two minutes.
2. Drink Plenty of Water
This keeps the body hydrated. Apart from cramps, problems like bloating, indigestion are also avoided.
3. Eat Healthy Food
Eat low fat and high fiber foods. Salad, banana, dry fruits, dark chocolate, green tea are beneficial.
4. Reduce tea-coffee
Tea-coffee, cold drinks, junk food, chips, alcohol and smoking increase cramps. Stay away from them.
Sometimes light compresses are beneficial in period cramps. Do this by asking your doctor.
6. Do Light Exercises
With the advice of a doctor, cramps can be relieved through light exercises, yoga or physiotherapy.
7. Get plenty of sleep
Cramps can be relieved by avoiding stress and stress, resting and getting 7-8 hours of sleep.
8. Take Pain Killers
Ask your doctor to have a select few painkillers with you. You can take them if the cramps are severe.